What is Agriculture and Why Should You Study It?

Did you know that over a third of the world’s workers are employed in agriculture? Not only does the industry play an important role in any country’s economy, it also provides fantastic employment opportunities across the globe, providing food and raw materials to help nourish the world.

In this post, we will explore different types of agriculture, why agriculture is important in today’s society, and tips on how you can begin your journey towards a career in agriculture.

What is agriculture?

Agriculture, also known as farming, is the art and science of cultivating soil for growing crops and rearing animals to produce milk, eggs, meat, cotton, wool, and other products and materials.

Its history started more than 10,000 years ago but today, it is an incredibly exciting and varied industry that, aside from physical farming, offers a multitude of opportunities in science, technology, business and law.

Why do we need agriculture?

To put it simply, without agriculture, we would not have clothes, food or furniture.

It is predicted that the world’s population will rise to nine billion people by 2050. That means nine billion people will rely on agriculture to be fed and clothed. The industry will continuously call for new talent to put forward new ideas and meet the demands of the world in a sustainable way.

Agriculture affects everyone in the world, and it is vital for people’s wellbeing. If you would like to help alleviate world hunger, promote sustainable living and improve the future of farming, then a qualification in this sector is a great start.

What are the different types of agriculture?


Agronomy is the science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, fibre and land restoration.

Animal husbandry

This branch of agriculture is concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs or other products and includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.

Agricultural engineering

Agricultural engineers build, service and repair agricultural, horticultural and forestry machinery and equipment.


Forestry is the science of managing, conserving and repairing forests and woodlands for environmental benefits.


Horticulture is the agriculture of plants, mainly for food, materials, comfort and beauty. The aim is to improve plant growth, quality, nutritional value and resistance to insects, diseases and environmental stresses.

What courses can you study for a career in agriculture?

We have a variety of full and part-time agriculture courses available in Enfield and Mottingham to help you earn the qualifications you need for a career cultivating the land. Here are just a few:

Introduction to Wildlife and Agriculture (Farming) Diploma (Level 1)

Agriculture (Farming) Intermediate Diploma (Level 2)

Agriculture (Farm Management) Advanced Diploma (Level 3)

Our expert tutors will help you gain hands-on farming experience at our certified organic Forty Hall Farm, as well as at Mudchute Farm.

Explore our agriculture courses in London today and join us this September.